The majority of the time, having a baby is a natural process. A lady goes into labour on or near her due date after a full-term pregnancy and gives birth to a healthy baby. She leaves the hospital a day or two later to resume her daily routine with her growing family. However, not all pregnancies are easy. Some women have a high-risk pregnancy, as defined by doctors.
When there are possible difficulties that could harm the mother, the baby, or both, a pregnancy is termed high-risk. To help secure the greatest outcome for the mother and baby, high-risk pregnancies must be managed by a professional.
High-Risk Pregnancy/Miscarriage treatment in Erandwane Risk Factors
A pregnancy may be considered high risk for a variety of reasons, including:
- Age of the mother – The mother-to-age is one of the most common risk factors for a high-risk pregnancy. When it comes to pregnancy difficulties, those in their late teens and early 30s are at a higher risk than those in their late teens and early 30s. After the age of 40, the risk of miscarriage and genetic disorders grows even more.
- Medical issues that existed before conception – High blood pressure, lung, kidney, or heart disease; diabetes; autoimmune disease; sexually transmitted diseases (STDs); or chronic infections like the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can all pose dangers to the mother and/or her unborn child. A family history of genetic diseases, a history of miscarriage, issues with a prior pregnancy or pregnancy, or a history of miscarriage are all risk factors for a high-risk pregnancy. If you have a medical condition, you should talk to your doctor before trying to get pregnant. Your doctor may order tests, change prescriptions, or advise you on preventative measures to improve the health of you and your baby.
- There are a range of medical concerns that might emerge during pregnancy. It is possible to develop or be diagnosed with disorders during pregnancy that can impact you and your baby, even if you are healthy when you get pregnant.
- The following are two of the most prevalent pregnancy-related issues:
Preeclampsia is a syndrome that causes high blood pressure, urine protein, and edoema in the mother and baby, and it can be hazardous or even fatal if not addressed. Most women who develop preeclampsia have healthy babies if they are treated properly.
- Gestational diabetes is diabetes that develops during pregnancy. If women with gestational diabetes adhere to their healthcare provider’s treatment plan, they can have healthy pregnancies and kids. Diabetes usually goes away after birth. Women with gestational diabetes, on the other hand, have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
- Obstacles to pregnancy – Pregnancy is frequently labelled as high risk due to complications that emerge during the pregnancy but have little to do with the mother’s health. These are some of them:
Premature labour occurs before the 37th week of pregnancy. Although there is no way to predict which women will have preterm labour or birth, certain illnesses, a shorter cervix, or a history of preterm birth put women at a higher risk.
- You are carrying more than one baby if you have multiple deliveries (twins, triplets, quadruplets, etc.). Premature labour, gestational diabetes, and pregnancy-induced high blood pressure are increased by multiple pregnancies, which are becoming increasingly common as women use more infertility treatments.
- A placenta is a sac that surrounds the foetus. The placenta covers the cervix in a condition known as a low line. If you do a lot of work, exercise, or travel, this can cause bleeding. If the placenta still covers the cervix around the time of delivery, the doctor may recommend a caesarean section to protect the mother and infant from bleeding.
- Ultrasound can sometimes reveal foetal issues. A small or substantial structural issue in development affects approximately 2% to 3% of all newborns. There may be a family history of foetal issues, but foetal problems can sometimes occur without warning.
Preventing and Treating Pregnancy Complications:
Even if you don’t have a health concern, many doctors recommend scheduling a preconception checkup with your healthcare provider to ensure you’re in the best possible health before getting pregnant. During this session, your doctor may suggest ways for you to lower your risk of certain problems. These are some of them:
- Taking at least 400 micrograms of folic acid per day before and during pregnancy is recommended.
- Obtaining the necessary vaccines
- Maintaining a healthy weight and eating a nutritious diet
- Get regular physical activity, unless your doctor advises otherwise.
- Tobacco, alcohol, and narcotics should all be avoided (except for medications approved by your doctor)
- See your doctor on a regular basis.